+ List of Possible Modifications and Accommodations I: Textbooks and Curriculum

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This list contains suggestions for school, but some should be used by parents and students at home


  • Provide alternative, easier to read books with similar concepts
  • Provide audio version of textbooks as well
  • Provide chapter summaries
  • Provide high interest reading material at or slightly above student’s comfort zone
  • Use peer readers
  • Use marker to highlight important textbook sections
  • Use word-for-word sentence fill-ins
  • Provide two sets of textbooks so one can go home
  • Record major themes on index cards
  • Provide the student with a list of discussion questions before reading
  • Provide books/written materials in other formats (Braille; large print)


  • Shorten assignments to focus on mastery of key concepts
  • Shorten spelling tests to focus on mastering the most functional words
  • Written assignments: substitute alternatives (clay models, posters, panoramas, collections, etc)
  • Specify and list exactly what student will need to learn in order to pass the class; review frequently
  • Modify expectations based on student needs (e.g. “When you’ve read this chapter you should be able to list three reasons for the Civil War”)
  • Give alternatives to long written reports (e.g. write several short reports, preview new audiovisual materials and write a short review, give an oral report on an assigned topic)

Classroom Environment

  • Develop individualized rules for the student
  • Evaluate the classroom structure against the student’s needs
  • Keep workspaces clear of unrelated materials
  • Keep classroom quiet during intense learning times
  • Reduce visual distractions in the classroom (mobiles, etc)
  • Provide computer foe written work
  • Seat student close to teacher (or positive role model)
  • Use a study carrel; provide extras so student is not singled out
  • Seat student away from windows or doorways
  • Provide an unobstructed view of chalkboard, teacher, screen
  • Keep extra supplies of classroom materials (pencils, books) on hand
  • Use alternatives to crossword puzzles or word finds
  • Maintain adequate space between desks

source: handout from Families and Advocates for Education (FAPE)

Orton-Gillingham instruction in Columbus OH:  Adrienne Edwards 614-579-6021   0r email aedwardstutor@columbus.rr.com 


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