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Your mind is speaking while you read. Most of us aren’t aware of it.
In the book “Mosaic of Thought: The Power of Comprehension Strategy Instruction,” Ellin Oliver Keene and Susan Zimmermann contend that comprehension can be taught directly.
From Chapter One, here is a list of metacognitive strategies — strategies for listening to the voice in your mind that speaks while you read.
- Monitoring for meaning — knowing when you know, knowing when you don’t know
- Using and creating schema — making connections between the new and the known, building and activating background knowledge
- Asking questions — generating questions before, during, and after reading that lead you deeper into the text
- Determining importance — deciding what matters most, what is worth remembering
- Inferring — combining background knowledge with information from the text to predict, conclude, make judgements, interpret
- Using sensory and emotional image — creating mental images to deepen and stretch meaning
- Synthesizing — creating an evolution of meaning by combining understanding with knowledge from other texts/sources
“Mosaic of Thought: the Power of Comprehension Strategy,” by Ellin Oliver Keene and Susan Zimmermann, 2nd ed. is published by Heinemann Publishing, 2007. ISBN 13:978-0-325-01035-9; and 10:0-325-01035-8
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